Cleaning agents can be divided into two main categories: those that eliminate dirt and grime, and those that remove germs and odors. The former include acetic acid (vinegar), carbon dioxide, sodium perborate, borax, ammonia, chromic acid and trisodium phosphate; the latter include some forms of alcohol.
A product’s pH level is a measure of its acidity or alkalinity, with 14 being the most alkaline and 1 being the most acidic. A neutral substance has a pH of 7- the ideal balance between acidity and alkalinity. High-quality products are used by professional commercial cleaning services.
Many laundry detergents are formulated with alkaline solutions such as chlorine bleach. These bleaches are best for cleaning up grease, dirt and oils, and often find their way into the products due to their ability to easily remove stains and dyes from clothing. Chlorine bleach is a highly effective way to clean fabrics and remove stains; however, when applied directly to the fabric it can cause undesirable spotting. In most cases, bleaching agents should be diluted in wash water before adding clothing for best results.
A degreaser is a kind of cleaning agent that dissolves substances that are insoluble in water, like tough greases and oils. It is typically used on hard surfaces like floors, appliances, machines and even tools. Kerosene and xylene may be found in some types of degreasers.
Altering the levels of certain chemicals is dangerous to one’s health, and consumers should be mindful of what they’re mixing before consumption. For example, mixing bleach and some toilet bowl cleaners can produce toxic fumes that can cause serious injury or death. When working with hazardous materials like cleaners with a PH reading below two or above twelve point five, one should always wear protective clothing and goggles.
Disinfectants are cleaning agents used to eliminate harmful bacteria, and are often used in homes and locations where the potential for spreading germs is especially high. Disinfectants differ from ordinary cleaning agents because of their ability to eliminate microbes that can cause infection or illness. Key ingredients found in disinfectants are biocides, known for their ability to destroy bacteria and inhibit its continual growth.